Most Common Dental Problems Among Children

Posted by LITTLE BYTES PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY on May 18 2022, 08:42 AM

Children have unique dental problems that require specialized care. At Little Bytes Pediatric Dentistry, our dentists specialize in pediatric dentistry.

Children need regular dental cleanings and exams, just like adults. These cleanings help remove plaque that causes cavities and gum disease. 

There are some dental issues that children are more often prone to; those include:

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay happens when children eat a lot of sugary foods and don’t brush or floss their teeth regularly. If your child has cavities, the dentist will remove the tooth’s decayed matter and replace it with a dental filling. In some cases, the dentist may place a crown on the tooth for additional protection.

Mouth Infections

Mouth infections are a common problem among children. Young children are especially susceptible to infection because they are still learning how to properly care for their teeth and gums. If your child is experiencing frequent infections, give our office a call. We can provide your child with education on proper oral hygiene and tips to prevent infections from occurring.

Oral habits (thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, etc.)

Thumb sucking and tongue thrusting can actually change the position of the teeth in children. The constant pressure exerted on the teeth can cause the teeth to shift, which can result in bite problems.

If children do not stop these habits, they could eventually require orthodontic treatment.

Enamel Hypoplasia

Enamel hypoplasia is when a baby is born with tooth enamel that has not developed fully. This deficiency in the enamel can lead to tooth decay because teeth with hypoplasia are softer and more prone to decay. This condition is often genetic, but it can also be caused by malnutrition or dehydration in mothers while pregnant.


Pulpitis is a common issue that can develop as a result of an infection in the pulp of the tooth. This infection is often the result of tooth decay and occurs when bacteria penetrate the enamel and dentin layers of the teeth. Without treatment, pulp inflammation can cause severe dental pain and even tooth loss.

Dental Trauma

The major cause of dental trauma among children is falling. Between the ages of 5 and 9, children are more likely to experience dental trauma because they are learning how to walk, run, and climb. As they become more mobile, kids are also more likely to participate in sports and other recreational activities. Any type of activity that puts your child at risk of falling can cause dental trauma.

Cleft Lip and/or Palate

Cleft lip and/or palate is a relatively common condition among newborns, affecting up to 1 in 700 infants. This birth defect can impact the way your child eats, speaks, and smiles.

Cleft lip and palate occur when the tissue in the mouth does not develop properly during pregnancy. The lip and palate fail to fuse together, resulting in an opening in the upper lip or the roof of the mouth. This condition is typically caused by a genetic defect, and it can affect both boys and girls.

Extra Teeth

When a child has extra teeth, it means that they have too many teeth for their mouth. The extra teeth may be due to a genetic condition, or they may be the result of a dental problem.

Extra teeth can occur in either or both jaws. Common extra teeth include wisdom teeth and teeth that develop inside the other teeth. In the latter case, the baby teeth may become wedged in between the roots of the teeth. This can cause the teeth to become extra loose and eventually fall out.

To learn more about Little Bytes Pediatric Dentistry, Palo Alto, or to schedule an appointment to meet our dentists and team, call us at (650) 322-9837.

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853 Middlefield Rd. Suite 2, Palo Alto, CA 94301

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